Vagina

The vagina is the passage (birth canal) connecting the uterus (womb) to the outside of the body. Usually about 8 cm long, it is joined to the uterus at the cervix, and passes through the lower part of the woman’s body behind the urethra and bladder and in front of…

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Vulva

The external female genitals are the area of sexual arousal. The vulva (female pudenda) consists of two pairs of fleshy folds or lips, and a small highly sensitive organ, called the clitoris. The outer of the two pairs of lips is called the labia majora (Latin for larger lips) and…

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Vaginal Speculum

In order to see the inside of the vagina a bivalve vaginal speculum is used. The speculum can be made of metal or plastic and has two blades that are at right angles to its handle. The blades are inserted closed together but once in the vagina they are opened…

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Vaginal Ultrasound

A vaginal (or transvaginal) ultrasound is used to examine the structures in a woman’s pelvis in great detail. The ultrasound probe, which is about the size of a finger, is introduced into the vagina and generates the sound wave that is detected by the receiving equipment. There is no pain,…

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Vulva Itch

The skin surrounding the external female genitals, the vulva, is very sensitive because it is designed to respond to sexual stimulation. This sensitivity can easily lead to vulva itch as a result of various stimulations outside of sex. It is also situated in a part of the body that generates…

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Vulval Cancer

Vulval cancer is a form of skin cancer and usually takes the form of a squamous cell carcinoma, but rarely may be a form of adenocarcinoma (gland cancer) known as Paget’s disease of the vulva. It is treated by surgically removing part or all (vulvectomy) of the vulva.

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Vulvar Dystrophy

Vulvar occurs in elderly women who develop dryness, scaling, pustules and sometimes lichen sclerosis of the vulva due to a prolonged lack of lubrication after the menopause.  

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Vulvectomy

The surgical removal of the vulva in the treatment of vulval cancer of severe lichen sclerosis is called vulvectomy. The skin of the labia minora and majora are usually removed, and sometimes the clitoris and surrounding lymph nodes are also removed (radical vulvectomy).

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Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia (burning vulva syndrome, vulvar vestibular syndrome or vulvar vestibulitis) is a painful condition affecting the external genitals (vulva) of sexually active women due to inflammation of the tiny lubricating glands in the skin of the vulva. The cause is unknown, but attacks sometimes follow a vaginal thrush infection. The…

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